Tendonitis of the outside portion of your elbow, lateral epicondylitis, is an injury to the tendons and muscles of the back of your arm due to repetitive use of those muscles. These muscles are known as your gripping muscles and generate the strength and power of your hand.
They are most commonly injured during activities dealing with heavy gripping or use of the hand such as golf, tennis, swinging a hammer, or typing.
Pain is usually dull/achy at rest and sharp with activities involving the hand.
A compressive tennis elbow brace will reduce pain with activity but will not cause the route cause of the issue.
Treatment involves reducing inflammation, stretching, and strengthening of the muscles of the top of the forearm.
Bursas are fluid filled sacs located throughout the body and are responsible for providing lubrication between muscles and skin. Typically through impact or repetitive movements, a bursa will become inflamed and will be very tender to the touch.
Bursitis tends to be characterized as pinpoint pain that is dull or achy at rest and sharp during aggravating movements or when there is pressure over the bursa.
Bursitis responds well to manual techniques and application of modalities as well as fixing movement faults to reduce the overall amount of stress placed on the inflamed bursa. Bursitis also tends to respond well to passive treatments such as corticosteroids shots to reduce inflammation in conjunction with active treatments.
Osteoarthritis of the elbow occurs when the cartilage surface of the elbow is worn out or is damaged. This can happen because of a previous injury such as elbow dislocation or fracture. Most commonly, however, it is the result of a normal wearing away of the joint cartilage from age and activity.
As osteoarthritis is progressing, therapy to improve strength and mobility of the joint is important to maintain proper stability and lubrication of the joint.
Exercise has been shown to reduce pain caused by osteoarthritis. Injections to reduce pain are also shown to be effective in the short term.
A fracture of one of the two bones of the forearm, the radius and ulna, are common in children and adolescents and anyone involved in sports-like activities.
A fracture, whether surgery is involved or not, typically requires a 6-week healing period in which the area may be casted or braced. Muscle wasting and muscle atrophy as well as stiffness of the wrist and elbow joints is common following this 6-week period.
Physical therapy is important to improve overall elbow pain, forearm pain, and wrist pain and to return these joints to normal mobility and strength.
Nursemaid’s elbow is a common elbow injury, especially among young children and toddlers. It occurs when a child’s elbow is pulled and one of the bones partially dislocates, giving it another name, “pulled elbow.” Your doctor may refer to it as a radial head subluxation.
Nursemaid’s elbow results in instability of the elbow joint which is a very stable joint. Following a period of bracing to regain stability, therapy services may be required to regain normal function and normal strength of the joint depending on the severity of the dislocation.